Nederland



Amsterdam
16 854 183 (2014)
41 543 km2
16 040 mi2
862 m
2 828 ft
Mount Scenery

The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Spain in 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, with settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, a Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830, Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered German invasion and occupation in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU) and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999. In October 2010, the former Netherlands Antilles was dissolved and the three smallest islands - Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba - became special municipalities in the Netherlands administrative structure. The larger islands of Sint Maarten and Curacao joined the Netherlands and Aruba as constituent countries forming the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • temperate
  • marine
  • cool summers and mild winters

Europe
Western Europe

Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

  • located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

  • mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders)
  • some hills in southeast

Mount Scenery
862 m
2 828 ft
Zuidplaspolder
-7 m
-23 ft
Mount Scenery Mount Everest
  • natural gas
  • petroleum
  • peat
  • limestone
  • salt
  • sand and gravel
  • arable land
Flooding
  • water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates
  • air pollution from vehicles and refining activities
  • acid rain

41 543 km2
16 040 mi2
33 893 km2
13 086 mi2
7 650 km2
2 954 mi2
0.14 % 0.09 % 0.41 % 0.17 % 0.23 % 0.54 % 0.3 % 0.01 %
1053 km
654 mi
Belgium 478 km/297 mi
Germany 575 km/357 mi

451 km/280 mi

11.10 %

30.80 %

54.80 %
  • grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables
  • livestock
  • agroindustries
  • metal and engineering products
  • electrical machinery and equipment
  • chemicals
  • petroleum
  • construction
  • microelectronics
  • fishing

16 854 183

+0.30%

50.4 %

49.6 %
0-14

16.7 %
15-64

65.6 %
65+

17.7 %

405.70 / km2
1 050.77 / mi2

89.91%
15 153 596

10%
1 700 587

79.30 yrs

83.00 Jaar

81.16 Jaar
1.52 % 0.38 % 2.27 % 3.19 % 4.35 % 44.69 % 0.23 %
  • Dutch (official)
  • Roman Catholic 28%
  • Protestant 19% (includes Dutch Reformed 9%; Protestant Church of The Netherlands 7%; Calvinist 3%)
  • Other 11% (includes about 5% Muslim and lesser numbers of Hindu
  • Buddhist
  • Jehovah's Witness
  • And Orthodox)
  • None 42%
  • Dutch 80.7%
  • EU 5%
  • Indonesian 2.4%
  • Turkish 2.2%
  • Surinamese 2%
  • Moroccan 2%
  • Caribbean 0.8%
  • Other 4.8%


Nederland


Netherlands

Pays-Bas

Países Bajos

Paesi Bassi

オランダ
Constitutional monarchy



Bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial council members by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve up to 4-year terms)

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; the colors were those of WILLIAM I, Prince of Orange, who led the Dutch Revolt against Spanish sovereignty in the latter half of the 16th century; originally the upper band was orange, but because it tended to fade to red over time, the red shade was eventually made the permanent color; the banner is perhaps the oldest tricolor in continuous use
"Het Wilhelmus"
(The William)
Lion, tulip
National color: orange
King WILLEM-ALEXANDER (since 30 April 2013)
Heir Apparent Princess Catharina-Amalia (since 30 April 2013)
  • 23 January 1579
    (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking with Spain
    on 26 July 1581 they formally declared their independence with an Act of Abjuration
    however, it was not until 30 January 1648 and the Peace of Westphalia that Spain recognized this independence)

  • King's Day (the King's birthday of 27 April (1967); celebrated on 26 April if 27 April is a Sunday)
ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CBSS (observer), CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EITI (implementing country), EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, SELEC (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Amsterdam
52 21 N, 4 55 E
UTC+1

AMSTERDAM 1.091 million
Rotterdam 993,000
The Hague 650,000

12 provinces (provincies, singular - provincie)
Drenthe, Flevoland, Fryslan (Friesland), Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant (North Brabant), Noord-Holland (North Holland), Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland (Zealand), Zuid-Holland (South Holland)
29 (2013)
IJmuiden, Vlissingen
4.7
beds/1,000 population (2009)
Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (consists of 41 judges: the president, 6 vice-presidents, 31 justices or raadsheren, and 3 justices in exceptional service, referred to as buitengewone dienst); the court is divided into criminal, civil, tax, and ombuds chambers
18 years of age
universal

Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Navy (includes Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Netherlands Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht, KLu), Royal Marechaussee (Military Police) (2015)


The Netherlands, the sixth-largest economy in the European Union, plays an important role as a European transportation hub, with a persistently high trade surplus, stable industrial relations, and moderate unemployment. Industry focuses on food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs only 2% of the labor force but provides large surpluses for food-processing and underpins the country’s status as the world’s second largest agricultural exporter. The Netherlands is part of the Eurozone, and as such, its monetary policy is controlled by the European Central Bank. The Dutch financial sector is highly concentrated, with four commercial banks possessing over 90% of banking assets. The sector suffered as a result of the global financial crisis and required billions of dollars of government support, but the European Banking Authority completed stringent reviews in 2014 and deemed Dutch banks to be well-capitalized. To address the 2009 and 2010 economic downturns, the government sought to stimulate the domestic economy by accelerating infrastructure programs, offering corporate tax breaks for employers to retain workers, and expanding export credits. The stimulus programs and bank bailouts, however, resulted in a government budget deficit of 5.3% of GDP in 2010 that contrasted sharply with a surplus of 0.7% in 2008. The government of Prime Minister Mark RUTTE has since implemented significant austerity measures to improve public finances and has instituted broad structural reforms in key policy areas, including the labor market, the housing sector, the energy market, and the pension system. As a result, the government budget deficit at the end of 2014 dropped to 1.8% of GDP. Following a protracted recession during which unemployment doubled to 7.4% and household consumption contracted for nearly three consecutive years, the year 2014 saw fragile GDP growth of 0.8 percent and a rise in most economic indicators. Drivers of growth included increased exports and business investments, as well as newly invigorated household consumption.

803 312 784 984.1
$USD
47 662.5
$USD
+1.01
%
machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing
  • Germany 14.5%
  • China 13%
  • Belgium 8.4%
  • US 6.5%
  • UK 6.1%
  • Russia 5.7%
  • Norway 4.1%
machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
  • Germany 25.3%
  • Belgium 12.9%
  • UK 8.9%
  • France 8.6%
  • Italy 4.3%
euros (EUR) per US dollar
0.7489 (2014 est.)

0.3% (2014 est.)
138 641 km
86 147 mi
3 223 km
2 003 mi
6 237 km
3 875 mi
(navigable by ships up to 50 tons)
42 per 100 people
country code - 31
submarine cables provide links to the US and Europe
116.42 / 100
93.17 / 100
.nl
  • more than 90% of households are connected to cable or satellite TV systems that provide a wide range of domestic and foreign channels
  • public service broadcast system includes multiple broadcasters, 3 with a national reach and the remainder operating in regional and local markets
  • 2 major nationwide commercial television companies, each with 3 or more stations, and many commercial TV stations in regional and local markets
  • nearly 600 radio stations with a mix of public and private stations providing national or regional coverage (2008)
AM 4
FM 567
shortwave 1 (2009)
168 007.27 kt
10.06
kt per hoofd van de bevolking
16.84
μg/m3
9 204.60
kt CO2 equivalent
20 268.90
kt CO2 equivalent
3
3
15
159
100 %
100 %
4 594
kg of oil equivalent per capita
92 %
2 %

Bron gegevens: worldbank.com, wikipedia.org, infoplease.com, CIA World Factbook


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